Dostoyevsky, who may have in these pages are available for remark in terms of Existentialism and atheism, imagines a vintage right vs. Good dilemma:
“Tell me yourself — we challenge you: let’s hypothetically say which you had been asked to create the edifice of human fate to ensure men would be happy and finally would find comfort and harmony. You would have to torture just one single creature, let’s say the little girl who beat her chest so desperately in the outhouse, and that on her unavenged tears you could build that edifice, would you agree to do it if you knew that, in order to attain this? Let me know and do not lie! “
“No I would personally maybe perhaps not, " Alyosha said lightly. Fyodor Dostoevsky, The Brothers Karamazov, 1880, translated by Andrew H. MacAndrew, Bantam Books, 1970, p. 296
This might stay as a reductio advertisement absurdum of Utilitarianism; but Dostoyevsky himself cites one innocent one who is indeed sacrificed to construct an “edifice" of “peace and harmony, " specifically Jesus Christ. Jesus went along to their fate willingly, unlike the litttle lady for the instance here; but those that delivered him here had something different in head. Dostoyevsky’s thought experiment was created as a science fiction quick tale, “the people whom Walk far from Omelas" 1973, by Ursula K. Le Guin. Le Guin, nevertheless, initially credited the unit to William James, having read it in James and forgotten it was in Dostoyevsky.